Hyperpigmentation is called as blemishes, freckles and dark spots. It mainly occurs due to uneven accumulation of melanin pigments in the epidermis area of the skin.
Main causes of Hyperpigmentation
The top most layer of skin is byproduct of rasa dhatu (plasma and lymphatic tissue).If this rasa dhatu is healthy, skin will glow. If not healthy, skin will become dry, dull and lusterless. The rasa dhatu is formed from food precursors which are the end product of digestion in the stomach. If our digestive fire is good then it digests the food well and forms a healthy rasa dhatu.
If the food is not digested properly it gives rise to toxins in the body. These toxins are circulated throughout the body which in turn blocks the body channels and organs and give rise to diseases.
Main causes are –
1. Wrong diet
2. Wrong lifestyle
Wrong diet : If someone follows a diet that is against the season or the individual constitution it creates an imbalance in the three doshas or the energies which governs our body.
It is responsible for giving complexion and luster to the skin.
Factors increasing pitta are:
1) Oily and greasy foods
2) Hot and spicy foods
3) Fried substances
4) The acidic foods like tomatoes, citrus fruits
5) Fermented substances like bread curd etc.
Following a lifestyle that is against the season or individual constitution creates an imbalance in pitta.
Following lifestyle disorders should be avoided that vitiates pitta:
1) Exposure to heat, sun and chemicals
2) Late night awakening
3) Drinking too much of tea, coffee or alcohol.
4) Excessive smoking and anger
5) Excessive exercise
6) Excessive stressful life
7) Excessive working near furnaces
Remedies for hyper pigmentation
Avoiding the causes (hetu) that cause hyper pigmentation. The ayurvedic practice called usnodaka is defined as drinking water that’s been boiled. This boiled water helps stimulate your digestive fire, which helps our body expel toxins that harm our skin and lead to hyper pigmentation.
Evacuating bowels on a regular basis helps to get rid of toxins. Treating patients suffering from hyper pigmentation can be treated with mild laxatives according to constitution and severity of constipation.
Ayurveda recommends facial pastes that help restore balance to the skin. Daily treatment of pastes made of chickpeas and water, or almond powder and goat’s milk can nourish skin and reduce inflammation and spots with too much pigmentation. Since almond has a natural, mild bleaching effect, the skin responds much better to almond paste. Ayurvedic herbs used in the treatment of this condition are named below
Nimba, Manjistha, Chandan, Haridra, Khadeer, Devdaru, Kumari
Avoid using chemical based creams, lotion and soap
Avoid over exposure to sun
Avoid chemical based facial treatments.
Contributed by: Dr. Priyanka Borole